Cardiovascular Disease – What is the bigger picture!
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a broad term for a range of diseases affecting the heart, blood vessels and circulation. A heart attack or stroke may be the first warning of Cardiovascular Disease, including coronary heart disease, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, and atrial fibrillation.
There are an estimated 7 million people living with Cardiovascular Disease in the UK – 3.5 million men and 3.5 million women.
An ageing and growing population and improved survival rates from cardiovascular events could see numbers rise still further.
The economic burden of Cardiovascular Disease, including indirect costs from premature death and disability, is estimated to be over £15 billion each year in the UK. Healthcare costs alone are estimated at up to £11 billion (Stats BHF web Jan2016).
CVD RISK FACTORS
The majority of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is caused by risk factors that can be treated or modified, such as high blood pressure, cholesterol, unhealthy diets, overweight/obesity, tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, lack of physical activity and diabetes. However, there are also some major CVD risk factors that cannot be controlled such as family history, gender, ethnicity and age.